Berbak National Park   Leave a comment

Berbak National Park is a national park area on the eastern coastline of Central Sumatra included in Ramsar Convention for international wetland conservation.

In 1992, this area is officially stated as National Park by the minister of Forestry, Republic of Indonesia following the original 1935 by Dutch colonial.

Berbak National Park is a national park area on the eastern coastline of Central Sumatra included in Ramsar Convention for international wetland conservation.

Sunset view from JICA tower, Air Hitam Dalam

In 1992, this area is officially stated as National Park by the minister of Forestry, Republic of Indonesia following the original 1935 by Dutch colonial.

The Park Gate to Air Hitam Dalam

The uniqueness of this national park lies on its wetland ecosystem which become one unity of swamp ecosystem, freshwater swamp ecosystem and coastline ecosystem.

This park is dominated by pandanaceae family, up to 10 species, even for Aracaceae has up to 27 species.

By canoeing through the swamp river canal, we can enjoy the undisturbed wildlife on the river side and canopies.

We have two exotic areas in this park, that are Air Hitam Dalam, typical freshwater swamp and floodplain, with wetland ecosystem and Air Hitam Laut and Cemara River where typical coastline and saltwater swamp and marsh is dominating the area.

Mirror effect of the black water at Air Hitam Dalam

Up to 300 species of birds are living peacefully inside the park. Some exotic birds like, Wild duck ( cairina scutulata ), and all species of Raja Udang (alcenedenidae), and also 9 species of Rangkong ( Bocerotidae ). Migrant birds up to thousands, which reside off their Siberian – Australian journey, especially during October – March season, really amaze any human being as you will find them blackening the coast horizons.

Primates also dominates the canopies during your canoe traverse.

The more challenging wildlife to observe may lie deep underwater below your canoe. You can observe 2 species of crocodile, that is saltwater crocodile ( crocodiles porosus ) and freshwater crocodile ( tomistoma schegelii). Turtles family also dominates the swamp area.

King of Trench #1, a good friend of us,
he is a saltwater crocodile at Air Hitam Laut.

Big mammalia like Sumatran tiger ( panthera tigris sumatraensis ), Black bear (Helartos malayanus ) may occasionally show up in front of your canoe. It may be special for the tiger, will require some patience from you and may be a good stamina to traverse into the center of the park on foot.

We will also include you in one special package by staying with local family, enjoying their hospitality, the joys and the laugh. Special traditional music attraction will also be presented for you.

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